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Anatomical Knowledge Required for Laminoplasty

  • Yuichi Hoshino
Chapter

Abstract

In all four-legged animals, the extensors are dominant over the flexors in the neck in order to maintain the head in a horizontal position. In the human neck, the extensors are also dominant. A cross section of the human neck (Fig. 1) shows that 70% of the muscles present are posterior to the rotational axis of anteroposterior flexion movements.

Keywords

Facet Joint Spinal Process Trapezius Muscle Venous Plexus Anatomical Knowledge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuichi Hoshino
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryJichi Medical SchoolKawachi-gun, TochigiJapan

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