Basic Concepts of Fracture Mechanics

  • Toshiro Kobayashi


Studies on strength and toughness of metallic materials, especially of steels, are considered to be a traditional field which should be studied from a new perspective. The problem of brittle fracture of steels attracted great attention and was extensively investigated because of accidents during World War II that occurred mainly in welded shipping structures [1]. Subsequently, in the 1950s in the United States, brittle fracture accidents of rocket motor cases and similar accidents occurred during missile industry development. Interest in fracture problems in high strength materials (i.e., materials with yield strength of > 1500 MPa) increased and the committee for fracture analysis of high strength steels was established in ASTM [2, 3]. Fracture mechanics were developed to solve these problems [2, 3, 4].


Fracture Toughness Stress Intensity Factor Crack Length Brittle Fracture Plastic Zone 
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© Springer Japan 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshiro Kobayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Toyohashi University of TechnologyToyohashi AichiJapan

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