Refining Treatment Could Contribute to Restoring the Strength Properties of OCC Pulp

  • Mousa M. Nazhad
Conference paper


The volume of recovered paper used globally is almost equal to the volume of new chemical pulp or four times that of mechanical pulp. Recycling has gained a very strong ground indeed. Nowadays, in some countries the paper industry cannot survive without recycled fibers.


Recycle Paper Chemical Pulp Mechanical Pulp Burst Strength Softwood Kraft Pulp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Howard, R.C. and Bichard, W. J. Pulp Paper Sci. 18 (1992) J151.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Nazhad, M.N. and Paszner, L. Tappi J. 77 (1994) 171.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Lumainen, J. Tappi J. 75 (1992) 92.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Baker, C.F., Tappi J. 78 (1995) 147.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    DeFoe R.J. Tappi J. 76 (1993) 157.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Szwarcsztajn, E. and Przybysz, K. Cell. Chem. Technol. 10 (1976) 737.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Atwood, D, Paper Technol. Ind. 319 (1990) 2.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Nazhad, M. M., Karchanapoo and Palokangas, A. Appita J. 56 (2003) 61.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Lumainen, J., ‘Is the lowest refining intensity the best in low consistency refining of hardwood pulps?’, Papermakers Conference, Tappi proceedings (1994) 115.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Seth, R.S., ‘Optimizing reinforcement pulps by fracture toughness’, Pira 3th Int. Refining Conf., Atlanta, GA, Paper 1 (1995).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Levlin, J-E, ‘Some differences in the beating behavior of softwood and hardwood pulps’, Intl. Symp. Fundamental Concepts of Refining, Appleton, WI, USA (1980) 51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mousa M. Nazhad
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Pulp and Paper TechnologyAsian Institute of TechnologyPathumuthaniThailand
  2. 2.Resources and Development Asian Institute of TechnologySchool of EnvironmentPathumuthaniThailand

Personalised recommendations