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Poverty, Empowerment and the Local Council: Views from the Grassroots

  • Fumihiko Saito

Abstract

This chapter presents the views of people at the grassroots about how the Local Council system should, as well as does function. In order to obtain a wide range of views, the three districts were selected for this study. These three districts represent, interestingly enough, slightly different degrees of poverty and development within Uganda. Generally Mukono, being close to Kampala, outperforms the national average, while the other two districts do not. Tororo faces more problems than Rakai. But all three districts are improving in the Human Development Index in the 1990s (UNDP, 1998). Therefore, comparisons among the three districts are useful for observing the similarities and differences of the impact of decentralization efforts (Tables 4.1 and 4.2).
Tables 4.1

District human development profile

 

Income index

Education

index

Life

expectancy

index

Human

Development

Index

Mukono

0.285

0.62

0.4483

0.44

Tororo

0.174

0.505

0.392

0.375

Rakai

0.2231

0.548

0.4033

0.3784

National Average

0.2098

0.605

0.4323

0.4046

Sources: UNDP [1998] Uganda Human Development Report 1998,(Kampala, UNDP), p.15; and UNDP [1997] Uganda Human Development Report 1997,(Kampala, UNDP), p.13.

Note: Data of Mukono and Rakai are from 1996, while that for Tororo is from 1995.

Table 4.2

District human poverty profile

 

Not

expected to

survive to

age 40 (%)

(1996)

Illiteracy

(P2) (%)

(1995)

No access to

safe water

(%) (1995)

No access to

health

services(%)

(1995)

Underweight

children (%)

(1996)

Human

Poverty

Index

(1996)

Mukono

33.1

38.1

86

55.7

25.9

43.8

Tororo

37.8

46.9

80.5

55.6

34.4

47.4

Rakai

36.7

35.2

94.6

60.7

25.9

46.2

National Average

36.3

38.4

51.5

51

31.8

39.3

Source: UNDP [1998] Uganda Human Development Report 1998,(Kampala, UNDP), p. 22.

Keywords

Focus Group Discussion Sexual Harassment Human Development Index Ordinary People Material Deprivation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumihiko Saito
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Intercultural CommunicationRyukoku UniversitySeta, OtsuJapan

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