Decentralization Debate: Democracy, Development and Collective Action
The background in which decentralization measures are implemented in developing countries, especially in Africa, is complicated. The modern state was born in a particular historical context of sixteenth to eighteenth century Europe. This form of political order was extended to different parts of the world, including Africa, by the expansion of Europe which was then the dominant world power. The transition from colonial to native authorities did not necessarily improve democratic practices or economic well-being for the majority of Africans. Legacies of colonialism, although they are not the only factor contributing to contemporary difficulties faced by the tropical countries, still exert profound influences on today’s political and economic affairs.
KeywordsLocal Government Collective Action Central Government African State Fiscal Decentralization
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