Decentralization is a process through which a central government transfers authority and functions to sub-national units of the government. Normally there is a cluster of measures involved in this process, and thus decentralization is a shorthand expression. It is one of the most frequently pursued institutional reforms in developing countries, particularly since the late 1980s. The rationale for decentralizing measures derives from diverse origins and is intended to contribute to democratization, to more efficient public administration, to more effective development, and to “good governance.”
Local Government Civil Society Collective Action Central Government Good Governance
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