A Formal Model of Organization

  • Shingo Takahashi
  • Kyoichi Kijima
  • Ryo Sato


This chapter will present a formal model for interorganizational issues. An organization is a complex system of interconnected human and nonliving machines (subsystems). As such, it is a natural candidate for what is referred to as the systems approach, i.e., a holistic perspective taking into account as many facets as possible yet within a manageable framework. The systems approach has been used in numerous studies of organizations such as those by Drenick [5], Kast and Rosenzweig [7], and Takahara and Mesarovic [12].


Organizational Level Resource Input Manipulate Variable Coordination Variable Viable System Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shingo Takahashi
    • 1
  • Kyoichi Kijima
    • 2
  • Ryo Sato
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Science and EngineeringWaseda UniversityShinjuku-ku, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Decision Science and TechnologyTokyo Institute of TechnologyMeguro-ku, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Policy and Planning SciencesThe University of TsukubaTsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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