Trust pp 133-145 | Cite as

In Search of a Foundation for an Open Society

  • Toshio Yamagishi
Part of the The Science of the Mind book series (The Science of the Mind)


As I wrote at the beginning, this book is written around the central message that collectivist societies produce assurance of security and destroy trust. In addition to this explicit message, this book has another, implicit message. The implicit ­message of this book is that we cannot think about human minds without considering their relationships to the social environment. Unlike the explicit message, this ­message is not the focus of discussion in this book. However, this constitutes the “meta theory” for my theory of trust, the main theme of this book.


Opportunity Cost Evolutionary Game Central Authority General Trust Host Fish 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Aoki M (2001) Toward a comparative institutional analysis. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  2. Frank RH (1988) Passions within reason: the strategic role of emotions. W. W. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Fukuyama F (1995) Trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity. The Free Press, Glencoe, ILGoogle Scholar
  4. Gambetta D (1988) Trust: making and breaking cooperative relations. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Gambetta D (1993) The Sicilian mafia: the business of private protection. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  6. Hayashi N (1995) Emergence of cooperation in one-shot prisoner’s dilemmas and the role of trust. Jpn J Psychol 66(3):184–190 (in Japanese with an English abstract)Google Scholar
  7. Hayashi N, Yamagishi T (1997) A socio-relational basis of “irrational” cooperation: an experimental study. Jpn J Psychol 67(6):444–451 (in Japanese with an English abstract)Google Scholar
  8. Orbell JM, Dawes RM (1991) A “cognitive miser” theory of cooperators’ advantage. Am Polit Sci Rev 85(2):515–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Orbell JM, Dawes RM (1993) Social welfare, cooperators’ advantage, and the option of not playing the game. Am Sociol Rev 58(6):787–800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Yamagishi T, Kikuchi M, Kosugi M (1999) Trust, gullibility and social intelligence. Asian J Soc Psychol 2(1):145–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Zucker L (1986) Production of trust: institutional sources of economic structure, 1840–1920. Res Organ Behav 8:53–111Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral Science Graduate School of LettersHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations