Experimental Study on Flow Field under a High Speed Shinkansen Train

  • N. Yamazaki
  • A. Ido
  • T. Kurita
  • M. Matsumoto
Conference paper
Part of the Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design book series (NNFM, volume 118)


A flow velocity profile under a Shinkansen train car was measured to investigate the flow field, as it is essential in understanding the mechanisms of aerodynamic noise generation. Laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) was used to measure the area outside of rolling stock gauge. The flow field near the underside of the car was also measured meticulously to clarify inlet conditions to the bogie cavity. It was found that mean flow velocity at a middle car (car #5 from the front car) decreases to 42 % of train speed at a point halfway between the underside of the car and the ground, whereas that of a leading car reaches approximately 78% at the same point. It was also found that, at car #5, mean velocity and turbulence level on ballast tracks are slightly higher than that of slab tracks.


Laser Doppler Velocimetry Wind Tunnel Test Water Mist Aerodynamic Noise Flow Velocity Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Goldstein, M. E.: Aeroacoustics, p.135, Kyoritsu Shuppan (1991)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nagakura, K.: Localization of aerodynamic noise sources of Shinkansen trains. Journal of Sound and Vibration 293(3), 547–556 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yamazaki, N., et al.: Wind Tunnel Tests on Reduction of Aeroacoustic Noise from Car Gaps and Bogie Sections. Quarterly Report of RTRI 48(4), 229–235 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Morita, K., et al.: Visualization of Aeroacoustic Sound Sources of Bogie Section for High Speed Trains. In: Proceedings of 2009 Symposium on Environmental Engineering, No. 127 (2009) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crespi, P., et al.: LASER Doppler velocimetry measurements and boundary layer survey on-board the TGV high speed train. In: Proceedings of the World Congress on Railway Research (1994)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ido, A., et al.: Study on under-floor flow to reduce ballast flying phenomena. In: Proceedings of World Congress on Railway Research (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Yamazaki
    • 1
  • A. Ido
    • 2
  • T. Kurita
    • 3
  • M. Matsumoto
    • 4
  1. 1.Railway Technical Research Institute (Former, East Japan Railway Company), UmegaharaMaibaraJapan
  2. 2.Railway Technical Research InstituteJapan
  3. 3.East Japan Railway CompanyJapan
  4. 4.Dantec Dynamics K.K.Japan

Personalised recommendations