Interior Noise Prediction in High-Speed Rolling Stock Driver’s Cab: Focus on Structure-Borne Paths (Mechanical and Aero Sources)

  • J. Sapena
  • A. Tabbal
  • J. Jové
  • F. Guerville
Part of the Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design book series (NNFM, volume 118)


Interior noise in rolling stock is an important parameter in the evaluation of global comfort perceived by passengers and train crew. This paper describes the methods proposed for interior noise prediction in high-speed trains focusing on structure-borne paths that includes interior noise produced by the vibration of components (bogie, traction motor, gearbox...) and aero-acoustic sources due to the airflow at high speed around the driver’s cab.

An experimental analysis of the different noise transfer paths and contributing sources is applied following panel contribution and transfer path analysis techniques. In order to obtain a model covering a wide frequency range, hybrid FE/SEA methodologies are chosen. Different loads measured in dynamic conditions are applied at the interfaces between equipment and structure to evaluate the contribution of each equipment to interior noise. Finally, the contributions are compared with the ones measured experimentally. The model obtained is also used to compute the aero-acoustic contribution to interior noise, mainly considered as a structural excitation.


Computational Fluid Dynamics Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation Interior Noise Direct Transfer Function Statistical Energy Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Langley, R.S., Shorter, P.J., Cotoni, V.: Hybrid FE-SEA method for the analysis of complex vibroacoustic systems. In: Proceedings of NOVEM 2005. Saint Raphaël, France (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sapena, J., Blanchet, D.: Interior noise structure-borne path prediction in a high speed train using “FE/SEA” hybrid modeling methodologies. In: Proceedings of the NOVEM 2009. “In CD-ROM”, Oxford, April 5-8 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jové, J., Sapena, J., Guerville, F.: Interior structure borne noise prediction of the cabin of a high speed train using FE-SEA hybrid methods. In: Proceedings of Internoise 2009 Congress, Ottawa,Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Magrans, F.X.: Method of measuring transfer paths. J. Sound Vibration 74(3), 321–330 (1981)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Magrans, F.X.: Definition and calculation of transmission paths within an S.E.A. framework. Journal of Sound and Vibration 165(2), 277–283 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guasch, O.: Direct transfer functions and path blocking in a discrete mechanical system. Journal of Sound and Vibration 321(3-5), 854–874 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fingberg, U., Ahlersmeyer, T.: Noise path analysis. A new approach based on practical experience. In: Proceedings of the 3rd Automotive Acoustics Conference, Zurich (1991)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tschudi, H.R.: The force transmission path method: an interesting alternative concerning demounting tests. In: Unikeller Conference 1991, Zurich (1991)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jové, J., Guerville, F., Vallespin, A.: Study of the Aerodynamic Contribution to the High-speed Train Cabin Internal Noise by means of Hybrid FE-SEA Modeling. In: Proceedings of Internoise 2010 congress, Lisboa (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shorter, P.J., Langley, R.S.: Vibro-acoustic analysis of complex systems. Journal of Sound and Vibration 288(3), 669–699 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chen, S., Doolen, G.D.: Lattice Boltzmann Method for fluid flows. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 30, 329–364 (1998)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cockburn, J.A., Jolly, A.C.: Structural-acoustic response, Noise transmission losses and interior noise levels of an aircraft fuselage excited by random pressure fields. AFFDL-TR-68-2 (1968)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Van der Auweraer, H.: Wyckaert. K., Hendricx, W., van der Linden, P.: Noise and vibration transfer path analysis. ISAAC 7, KU Leuven (1996)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Sapena
    • 1
  • A. Tabbal
    • 2
  • J. Jové
    • 1
  • F. Guerville
    • 2
  1. 1.Alstom TransporteSpain
  2. 2.Alstom TransportFrance

Personalised recommendations