Ground Vibration Induced by Railway Traffic – The Influence of Vehicle Parameters

  • A. A. Mirza
  • A. Frid
  • J. C. O. Nielsen
  • C. J. C. Jones
Part of the Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design book series (NNFM, volume 118)


Measurements of ground vibration induced by a two-car EMU railway vehicle have been made at speeds up to 250 km/h. The results show an increasing ground vibration level with increasing speed and a clear excitation generated by each passing wheelset and the discrete sleeper support. Simulations with a multibody vehicle model on a railway track, including a ground model consisting of isotropic elastic layers, show good agreement with the measurement results.

A study is carried out using simulations to investigate the influence of vehicle parameters on ground vibration levels. Nine parameters including vehicle mass, suspension properties and the geometric properties of the vehicle are studied using a fractional factorial design (FFD) method of parametric study. The results show an increase in vibration level for a stiffer primary suspension and a heavier unsprung mass. In general, the interactions between different parameters are low.


Ground Model Fractional Factorial Design Ground Vibration Vibration Level Vibration Velocity 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Mirza
    • 1
  • A. Frid
    • 1
  • J. C. O. Nielsen
    • 2
  • C. J. C. Jones
    • 3
  1. 1.Bombardier TransportationVästeråsSweden
  2. 2.CHARMEC/Department of Applied MechanicsChalmers University of TechnologySweden
  3. 3.Institute of Sound and Vibration ResearchUniversity of SouthamptonU.K.

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