The Penaeus Shrimp as an Experimental Marine Animal for Neurobiological Study

  • Ke Xu
  • Susumu Terakawa


Searching for specific experimental material is especially important in studies on the mechanism of the basic elements of the nervous system, such as nerve fibers, synapses, and neurons. For example, it is well known that Young (1936) found that there are a few unmyelinated giant fibers in the nerve trunks of Loligo. The diameter of the largest giant fiber is as large as about 0.5 mm. Owing to the finding of the giant axon preparation, electrophysiological analysis and biochemical studies of basic nerve activity have been greatly facilitated and promoted. Besides, the findings of the giant synapse and giant neuron in the nervous system of some marine invertebrates also made it easier to analyze the processes of basic nervous activities.


Nerve Trunk Ventral Nerve Cord Synaptic Membrane Stretch Receptor Thoracic Ganglion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ke Xu
    • 1
  • Susumu Terakawa
    • 2
  1. 1.Shanghai Institute of Physiology Chinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Hamamatsu University School of MedicineMedical Photonics Research CenterHamamatsuJapan

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