The great apes face many threats to their continued existence in the wild, and one of these threats is disease. Especially in the populations that are habituated for tourism or research purposes, the great apes are faced with a high risk of disease transmission from humans. Periodic monitoring of their health status is therefore necessary. Noninvasive samples such as urine and feces can be repeatedly obtained from habituated animals without necessitating their capture. Based on the analysis of noninvasive samples, I provide here some preliminary data on health monitoring among the chimpanzees of Bossou, southeastern Guinea, West Africa.
KeywordsHealth Monitoring Intestinal Microflora Negative Energy Balance Juvenile Male Urinary Glucose
I sincerely thank the Direction Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique (DNRST), and the Institut de Recherche Environnementale de Bossou (IREB) of the Republic of Guinea, for permission to study the chimpanzees at Bossou; and the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH), the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI), the Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA), the Mahale Wildlife Research Centre (MWRC), and the Mahale Mountains National Park (MMNP) for permission to study the chimpanzees at Mahale. This study was financed by a grant from the Research Fellowships of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for Young Scientists (No. 4502, 2628), and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (No. 12375003).
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