Molecular Behavioral Research in Great Apes

  • Miho Inoue-MurayamaEmail author
  • Alexander Weiss
  • Naruki Morimura
  • Masayuki Tanaka
  • Juichi Yamagiwa
  • Gen’ichi Idani
Part of the Primatology Monographs book series (PrimMono)


Since the initial reports linking human “novelty seeking” to the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) locus (Benjamin et al. 1996), there have been multiple studies examining associations between human personality traits and specific genotypes of ­neurotransmitter-related proteins (Ebstein 2006) (see Chap. 10). Recently, research on the genetic bases of personality traits has been extended to studies of within- and between-species studies of nonhuman primates. Personality is defined as those characteristics of individuals that describe and account for temporally stable patterns of affect, cognition, and behavior. As is the case in humans, these individual differences have a biological and experiential basis (Gosling 2008).


Androgen Receptor Nonhuman Primate Rhesus Macaque Human Personality Japanese Macaque 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are indebted to the late Professor O. Takenaka, Kyoto University, for providing samples. We are grateful to T. Matsuzawa, T. Udono, T. Ochiai, S. Hirata, and the raters at Ueno Zoo, Higashiyama Zoo, Fukuoka Zoo, Wanpark Kochi Animal Land, Hiroshima City Asa Zoological Park, Kyoto Municipal Zoo, Tama Zoological Park, Itouzu no Mori Zoological Park, Japan Monkey Centre, Ikeda Zoo, Kyoto University Primate Research Institute, Great Ape Research Institute, and Chimpanzee Sanctuary Uto. We also thank S. Kawamura, E. Inoue, Y. Murayama and M.J. Adams for their invaluable comments to the manuscript. This study was supported financially in part by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) with a Grant-in-aid for Science Research (B: #18310152 and #21310150 to M.I.M.) and the Global Center of Excellence Program “Formation of a Strategic Base for Biodiversity and Evolutionary Research: from Genome to Ecosystem”, and the Cooperation Research Program of the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miho Inoue-Murayama
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexander Weiss
    • 2
  • Naruki Morimura
    • 1
  • Masayuki Tanaka
    • 1
  • Juichi Yamagiwa
    • 3
  • Gen’ichi Idani
    • 1
  1. 1.Wildlife Research Center of Kyoto UniversitySakyo-kuJapan
  2. 2.Psychology, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language SciencesThe University of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Human Evolution Studies, Department of Zoology, Graduate School of ScienceKyoto UniversitySakyo-kuJapan

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