Advertisement

Development of a Robot-Assisted Activity Program for Elderly People Incorporating Reading Aloud and Arithmetic Calculation

  • Yukio Oida
  • Masayoshi Kanoh
  • Masashi Inagaki
  • Yoko Konagaya
  • Kenji Kimura

Abstract

We developed a robot-assisted activity (RAA) program using learning tasks with a communication robot. The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of this RAA program for elderly people. Subjects were four women (aged 81.5 ± 3.1 years old) living in a geriatric health services facility. The cognitive ability of the participants estimated by Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) was 23 ± 2.8 points. The RAA program consisted of reading aloud a Japanese folk tale and arithmetic calculation including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Participants were asked to perform the RAA program at least once daily for 1 month in their private room. The communication robot (Business Design Laboratory, Nagoya, Japan) could talk with humans and change its facial expression. The time required for the RAA program was approximately 20 min. A focus group interview (FGI) was held for all subjects after the intervention period. Subjects performed the RAA program 57 ± 33 times during the intervention period. The FGI identified positive opinions regarding the robot such as interest in it, attachment to it, and pleasure obtained through it.

Keywords

Health Care Facility Focus Group Interview Support Person Learning Period Voice Recognition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to express their sincere appreciation to the subjects who participated in the research and to the staff at Ruminasu Obu, a health care facility for the elderly, for their support and cooperation in the implementation of the present research.

References

  1. 1.
    Lane-Brown AT, Tate RL (2009) Apathy after acquired brain impairment: a systematic review of non-pharmacological interventions. Neuropsychol Rehabil 19:481–516PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kverno KS, Black BS, Nolan MT et al (2009) Research on treating neuropsychiatric symptoms of advanced dementia with non-pharmacological strategies, 1998–2008: a systematic literature review. Int Psychogeriatr 21:825–843PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kawashima R, Okita K, Yamazaki R et al (2005) Reading aloud and arithmetic calculation improve frontal function of people with dementia. J Gerontol 60A:380–384Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dautenhahn K, Billard A (2002) Games with autism can play with robota, a humanoid robotic doll. In: Keates S, Langdon PM, Clarkson PJ, Robinson P (eds) Proceedings of 1st Cambridge Workshop on Universal Access and Assistive Technology (CWUAAT), Universal Access and Assistive Technology. Springer, London, pp 179–190Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ohkubo E, Negishi T, Oyamada Y et al (2003) Studies on necessary condition of companion robot in the RAA application. Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation, pp 102–106Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Libin AV, Libin EV (2004) Person-robot interactions from the robopsychologists’ point of view: the robotic psychology and robotherapy approach. Proc IEEE 92:1789–1803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wada K, Shibata T (2006) Robot therapy in a care house – its sociopsychological and physiological effects on the residents. In: Proceedings of the IEEE international conference of robotics and automation, pp 3966–3971Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marti P, Bacigalupo M, Giusti L et al (2006) Socially assistive robotics in the treatment of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. In: Biomedical robotics and biomechatronic the first IEEE/RAS-EMBS international conference, pp 483–488Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Suga K, Sato M, Naga S et al (2003) Effects of robot-assisted activity on demented elderly citizens. J Jpn Soc Nurs Health Care 5:1–8Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kanoh M, Oida Y, Nomura Y et al (2011) Examination of practicability of robot assisted activity program using communication robot for elderly people. J Robot and Mechatron (in press)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kanoh M, Iwata S, Kato S et al (2005) Emotive facial expressions of sensitivity communication robot “ifbot”. Kansei Eng Int 5:35–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shibata T (2004) An overview of human communication robots for psychological enrichment. Proc IEEE 92:1749–1758CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yukio Oida
    • 1
  • Masayoshi Kanoh
    • 1
  • Masashi Inagaki
    • 1
  • Yoko Konagaya
    • 2
  • Kenji Kimura
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Information Science and TechnologyChukyo UniversityToyotaJapan
  2. 2.Department of ResearchObu Dementia Care and Training CenterObuJapan
  3. 3.Business Design Laboratory LtdNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations