Principles and Activities of Oral Health Promotion in Asian Countries
During the last few decades, the advancement of dental technologies, the strengthening of the evidence base, and novel methods for oral health promotion and prevention have been mingled with the counterflow of growing globalization, urbanization, industrialization, and inequalities that hinder the promise of desirable changes in oral health. Oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontal diseases still make significant contributions to the burden of disease, especially in developing Asian countries. The association of oral health with general health and quality of life has also been increasingly attracting attention. Meanwhile, an exclusive reliance on individually oriented interventions has been found to be inadequate to achieve positive population changes in oral health in these countries. The focus is moving toward greater emphasis on the social, political, cultural, and environmental factors impacting on oral diseases. Therefore, effective interventions should target not just the individual but the broader context in which people live and behave in their daily lives. This chapter discusses the relationship between oral health and general health, the nature and causes of oral diseases, variations in oral health status among different nations, and differing oral health promotion and prevention activities. The chapter also attempts to identify common, as well as different determinants of oral health, in order to challenge and achieve better oral health in the future.
KeywordsOral Health Periodontal Disease Oral Cancer Dental Caries Oral Disease
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