Dietary Lifestyle Interventions of Energy Restriction for Weight Control and Salt Reduction for Prevention of Hypertensive Risk in Asian Adults

  • Hiroko Fujii


Lifestyle modification including diet and physical activity are the main approach to managing metabolic syndrome characterized by the risk factor combination of obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. This chapter discusses the literature on dietary targets and the effectiveness of nonpharmacological and dietary lifestyle intervention, especially for energy restriction for weight control and salt reduction for managing blood pressure, in Asian adults. There are limited data available on the effectiveness of nonpharmacological and dietary lifestyle interventions in Asian adults, especially from studies with a randomized control trial design. Although most lifestyle interventions are expected to have long-term effects, including not only effects during the intervention process but also persisting after the intervention has been completed, there are a few reports available regarding the effect of lifestyle intervention after the end of such programs in Asian cohorts. The long-term effect of lifestyle intervention among Asian adults should be evaluated in future studies.


Lifestyle Intervention Salt Intake Health Education Program Salt Reduction Hypertensive Risk 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public HealthDokkyo Medical University School of MedicineMibuJapan

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