Advertisement

Health Promoting Schools in Taiwan: Present Status and Future Perspectives

  • Song-Yuan Huang

Abstract

Educational culture and changes in health indicators are the two most important conditions and characteristics in relation to school health in Taiwan. The interaction of the effects of these two factors creates challenges and opportunities for school health innovations and leadership. Prior to 2001, implementation of school health in Taiwan was essentially based on the model of the traditional school health program that consists of health services, health instruction, and the healthy school environment. In 2003, Taiwan began to adopt the new model of school health – the “health promoting school” (HPS) – to implement a variety of school health programs for the sake of promoting the health of students, teachers, staff, parents, and community residents. Even though most schools have endeavored very hard to upgrade the effectiveness of school health, there are still many challenges confronted by them. After describing the importance of the HPS model, its development, and the major components of the HPS program in Taiwan, 22 recommendations are suggested for the improvement of the efficacy and performance of school health in Taiwan.

Keywords

School Health School Nurse Health Education Program School Health Service Communicable Disease Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Department of Health (2008) 2008 Public health annual report in the Republic of China (in Chinese). DOH, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ministry of the Interior (2010) Ministry of the Interior Department of Statistics. Resource document. http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/stat/Life/10timeseries.xls, http://140.122.72.62/intro/viewOrganUser. Accessed 9 March 2010
  3. 3.
    Department of Health (2009) Leading causes of death. Resource document. Department of Health. http://www.doh.gov.tw/CHT2006/DisplayStatisticFile.aspx?d=71701&s=1. Accessed 8 March 2010Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bureau of Health Promotion (2009) Taiwan tobacco control 2009 annual report. BHP, TaichungGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bureau of Health Promotion (2008) Taiwan youth health survey (in Chinese). BHP, TaichungGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ministry of Education (2010) Ministry of Education Department of Statistics. Resource document. http://www.edu.tw/files/publication/B0013/index1.xls. Accessed 11 March 2010
  7. 7.
    Ministry of the Interior (2010) Ministry of the Interior Department of Statistics. Resource document. http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/stat/year/y02-02.xls. Accessed 9 March 2010
  8. 8.
    Chen WW, Lee SP, Pigg RM et al (1990) Taiwan, R.O.C.: perspectives in school health. J School Health 60(7):357–362PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ministry of Education (2010) Ministry of Education. Resource document. http://www.edu.tw/index.aspx. Accessed 9 March 2010
  10. 10.
    Ministry of Education (2005) The bylaws of the School Health Council (in Chinese). MOE, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ministry of Education (2010) Physical and health education. Resource document. Ministry of Education. http://140.122.72.62/law/viewLawset?id=410e1d0c761c450818985ecbd6374b6c4726d6c753f00&t=%E5%1%A5%E5%BA%B7%E6%95%99%E8%82%B2%E8%A1%8C%E6%94%BF%E8%A6%8F%E5%89%87. Accessed 9 March 2010Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu CY (2009) Historical development of the Department of Health Promotion and Health Education at the National Taiwan Normal University, 1954–2008 (in Chinese). Unpublished master’s thesis, National Taiwan Normal University, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    National Taiwan Normal University (2009) Statistics of graduates 1958–2009. National Taiwan Normal University, NTNU, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Department of Health (2007) The current health administration organization. DOH, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Department Of Health (2005) The bylaws of the Health Education Promoting Council (in Chinese). DOH, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bureau of Health Promotion (2006) BHP overview: introduction (in Chinese). BHP, TaichungGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ministry of Education & Department of Health (2006) Health-promoting schools in Taiwan. MOE & DOH, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ministry of Education (1997) School health guidelines (in Chinese), 3rd edn. MOE, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ministry of Education (2005) School health guidelines: health promoting schools (in Chinese), 4th edn. MOE, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    National School Health Association, Republic of China (2009) The bylaws of the National School Health Association, Republic of China (in Chinese). NSHA, ROC, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    World Health Organization (1996) Regional guidelines (for the) development of health-promoting schools: a framework for action. WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ministry of Education (2008) Guidelines of health and physical education curriculum for primary and junior high schools (in Chinese). MOE, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ministry of Education (2008) Guidelines of health and nursing curriculum for senior high schools (in Chinese). MOE, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ministry of Education (2004) The grand project for building a friendly campus (in Chinese). MOE, TaipeiGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) 2006. J School Health 77(8):385–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Brener ND, Mcmanus T, Foti K et al (2009) School health profiles 2008: characteristics of health programs among secondary schools. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    National Health Research Institute, Department of Health (2008) Healthy people 2020 (Taiwan) (in Chinese). National Health Research Institute, DOH, Miaoli, TaiwanGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health Promotion and Health EducationNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations