Research History of Japanese Macaques in Japan

  • Juichi Yamagiwa
Part of the Primatology Monographs book series (PrimMono, volume 0)


Japanese primatology is characterized by a unique history among mammalian studies in Japan. In general, mammalogists initiated their studies by collecting specimens from the point of view of systematics, morphology, and physiology, and then ­investigated the adaptive significance of these traits from the aspect of ecology. In contrast, the Japanese primatologists initiated their studies with sociological perspectives. After World War II, Kinji Imanishi, based in the Department of Zoology, Kyoto University, started his field studies on feral horses (Equus caballus) at Cape Toimisaki in Miyazaki Prefecture. The aim of his study was to understand the species society and to thus trace the evolution of human society (Asquith 1991, 2000; Takasaki 2000). The concept of species society had developed from his study on mayflies skittering around the river in Kyoto and extended to all living things (Imanishi 1941). He began to consider the evolution of animal societies, and in particular, the evolution of human society through comparisons with other animal societies (Imanishi 1951a).


Home Range Size Sika Deer Japanese Macaque Dominance Rank Intergroup Encounter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was financed in part by the Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan (No. 19107007 to J. Yamagiwa), and the Kyoto University Global COE Program “Formation of a Strategic Base for Biodiversity and Evolutionary Research.”


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© Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Department of Zoology, Division of Biological SciencesGraduate School of Sciences, Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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