Part of the A First Course in “In Silico Medicine” book series (FCISM, volume 1)


A major part of biology has become a class of physical and mathematical sciences. We have started to feel, though still a little suspicious yet, that it will become possible to predict biological events that will happen in the future of one’s life and to control some of them if desired so, based upon the understanding of genomic information of individuals and physical and chemical principles governing physiological functions of living organisms at multiple scale and level, from molecules to cells and organs.


Internal Energy Spring Constant Chain System Chain Element Entropic Force 

Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Science and Bioengineering Graduate School of Engineering ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan
  2. 2.The Center for Advanced Medical Engineering and InformaticsOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan

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