In many vertebrate groups, the study of karyotypes and genome size has contributed along with analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences to the resolution of challenges in biology systematics and evolution. However, in fishes—the most diverse of all vertebrate groups—higher taxa traditionally have been classified largely by morphology and paleontology, with a much smaller input of cytogenetic information. In part, this is because karyotypes can be obtained only from living specimens, tissues, or cells, which makes it challenging to study the karyotypes of fishes that are difficult to collect alive (e.g., deep-sea fishes). Of course, even fresh material provides no guarantee that reliable chromosome figures can be obtained easily.
KeywordsGenome Size Genus Total Diploid Chromosome Number Tandem Fusion Karyotype Data
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