Management of Invasive Alien Species in the Bonin Islands

  • Shuńichi Makino


The remote Bonin Islands, a unique theater of evolutionary plays, are in danger of ecosystem degradation, and many endemic species are threatened with extinction because of various invasive aliens. To stop and reverse, if possible, the process of degradation, scientists have been attempting to control the impacts and spread of aliens. Our aim is to mitigate ecosystem degradation in such a way that native species can thrive without constant care or human management. In most cases, eradication of aliens is an effective way to achieve this goal. Whatever the strategy, however, it should be adaptable so that tactics can be switched or modified in case of unpredicted side effects of these interventions. This is particularly important in the Bonin Islands, where alien species are frequently deeply embedded in the native ecosystem. In this part, nine chapters explore strategies and tactics for controlling four major invaders in the Bonin Islands: the flatworm Platydemus manokwari, the green anole Anolis carolinensis, the black rat Rattus rattus, and the bishopwood Bischofia javanica


Native Species Alien Species Invasive Alien Species Land Snail Rattus Rattus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Clout MN, Veitch CR (2002) Turning the tide of biological invasion: the potential for eradicating invasive species. Proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives, Auckland, New Zealand, 2001, pp 1–3Google Scholar
  2. Fukami T, Wardle DA, Bellingham PJ, Mulder CPH, Towns DR, Yeates GW, Bonner KI, Durrett MS, Grant-Hoffman MN, Williamson WM (2008) Above- and below-ground impacts of introduced predators in seabird-dominated island ecosystems. Ecol Lett 9:1299–1307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ito T (2005) Survey of effective herbicides for direct injection on Bishovia javanica Blume seedlings. J Weed Sci Tech 50:18–20 (in Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Karube N (2005) Effects of the invasive alien lizard Anolis carolinensis on native insects in the Bonin Islands. Bull Herpetol Soc Jpn 2005 (2):163–168 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  5. Kawakami K (2008) Threats to indigenous biota from introduced species on the Bonin Islands, southern Japan. J Disaster Res 3:174–186Google Scholar
  6. Simberloff D (2002) Today Tiritiri Matangi, tomorrow the world! Are we aiming too low in invasive species? Proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives, Auckland, New Zealand, 2001, pp 4–12Google Scholar
  7. Tanaka N (2004) Control of the invasive tree Bischofi a javanica and restoration of native forests. In: Karube H, Takakuwa M (eds) The Ogasawaras, the Oriental Galapagos Islands: fascinating endemic species and their lives in a crisis, Kanagawa Pref Mus Nat Hist, Kanagawa. pp. 158–161 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. Yabe T (1979) The relation of food habits to the ecological distributions of the Norway rat ( Rattus norvegicus ) and the roof rat ( R. rattus). Jpn J Ecol 29:235–244Google Scholar
  9. Zavaleta ES, Hobbs RJ, Mooney HA (2001) Viewing invasive species removal in a whole-ecosystem context. Trends Ecol Evol 16:454–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forestry and Forest Products Research InstituteTsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations