The Bonin Islands is comprised of oceanic islands located within the subtropical zone of the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Although species richness is low, high endemism is found on the islands due to physical isolation of the unique biota. However, human settlement began in 1830, causing extensive deforestation and the introduction of invasive species. At the height of prosperity, at least 14 islands were colonized and more than 7,000 people lived on them. The islands were under US occupation after World War II until 1968, when they were returned to Japan. Japanese people have since migrated to the islands, and various species have been introduced either intentionally or unintentionally. Insular populations are vulnerable to the devastating effects of introduced predators, competitors, and diseases because they have often evolved in the absence of these biotic factors. The species introduced to the Bonins by humans pose the greatest threat to the current ecosystem.


Japan Meteorological Agency Sugarcane Field Seabird Species Northwestern Pacific Ocean Bonin Island 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  • Kazuto Kawakami

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