Analysis of the Autorotation Maneuver in Small-Scale Helicopters and Application for Emergency Landing

  • Kenzo Nonami
  • Farid Kendoul
  • Satoshi Suzuki
  • Wei Wang
  • Daisuke Nakazawa


In this chapter, we derive linear and nonlinear models of a helicopter autorotation maneuver focusing on main rotor revolutions and descent rate dynamics. The nonlinear model for descent rate dynamics is derived by combining blade element theory (BET) with an induced velocity linear approximation proposed in this chapter. The linear model is derived by implementing a neural network optimization method based on the experimental data. The derived nonlinear and linear models are verified by comparing the simulated data of the model with experimental data. We also perform a preliminary experiment on autorotation landing with a simple PI controller. Rotor revolutions and descent rates are found to be efficiently controlled by the designed controller.


Vertical Velocity Momentum Theory Main Rotor Unmanned Helicopter Blade Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Tsutsui Y (1986) Helicopter engineering and its operation. Kantousya, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leishman JG (2000) Principles of helicopter aerodynamics. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stepniewski WZ, Keys CN (1984) Rotary-Wing Aerodynamics Dover Publications, Inc.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenzo Nonami
    • 1
  • Farid Kendoul
    • 2
  • Satoshi Suzuki
    • 3
  • Wei Wang
    • 4
  • Daisuke Nakazawa
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  2. 2.CSIRO Queensland Centre for Advanced TechnologiesAutonomous Systems LaboratoryPullenvaleAustralia
  3. 3.International Young Researchers Empowerment CenterShinshu UniversityUedaJapan
  4. 4.College of Information and Control EngineeringNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingP.R. China
  5. 5.Advanced Technology R&D CenterMitsubishi Electric CorporationAmagasakiJapan

Personalised recommendations