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Scale Dependency of Hydrological Characteristics in the Upper Ping River Basin, Northern Thailand

  • Koichiro Kuraji
  • Kowit Punyatrong
  • Issara Sirisaiyard
  • Chatchai Tantasirin
  • Nobuaki Tanaka
Conference paper

Abstract

The scale dependence of the hydrological characteristics of a river basin was studied using three watersheds with different scales in northern Thailand. The discharge per unit area in the medium-scale watershed (Mae Chaem) had only small interannual changes even though large interannual changes occurred in the rainfall. The discharge per unit area in the small-scale watershed (Mae Tia) was about twice as large as in the medium-scale watershed and had larger interannual changes that were correlated with the interannual changes in rainfall. The long-term trend of discharge per unit area showed no distinct trend in either medium- or small-scale watersheds, whereas there was a distinct decreasing trend of low flow in the small-scale watershed. In the medium-scale watershed, however, this decreasing trend did not appear, suggesting that the land cover change in the uplands may have an influence on the discharge per unit area in the small-scale watershed, but only a minor influence on the discharge per unit area in the medium-scale watershed. The discharge per unit area in the microscale watershed (Huay Kog-Ma) was the largest and had the smallest seasonal change among the three watersheds. Even in the dry season, there was significant water flow in the microscale watershed.

Keywords

Rainy Season Unit Area Land Cover Change Rain Gauge Scale Dependence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Kuraji K, Kowit P (2000) Hydro-meteorological research and its application to watershed management for solving local conflict over water in Mae Tia watershed, Northern Thailand. In: Proceedings of the fresh perspectives on hydrology and water resources in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Christchurch, New Zealand, pp 189–196Google Scholar
  2. Kuraji K, Kowit P, Suzuki M (2001) Altitudinal increase in rainfall in Mae Chaem watershed, Thailand. J Meteorol Soc Jpn 79:353–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kuraji K, Kowit P, Issara S (2004) Six years intensive rainfall observation in Mae Chaem Watershed, Northern Thailand. The 6th international study conference on GEWEX in Asia and GAME, Kyoto, Japan. GAME CD-ROM publication no. 11, T3KK09 Aug 04 160237Google Scholar
  4. Tanaka K, Takizawa H, Kume T, Xu J, Chatchai T, Suzuki M (2004) The impact of rooting depth and soil hydraulic properties on the transpiration peak of an evergreen forest in northern Thailand in the late dry season. J Geophys Res 109:D23107Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koichiro Kuraji
    • 1
  • Kowit Punyatrong
    • 2
  • Issara Sirisaiyard
    • 3
  • Chatchai Tantasirin
    • 4
  • Nobuaki Tanaka
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.University Forest in AichiThe University of TokyoAichiJapan
  2. 2.Department of National Park Wildlife and Plant ConservationBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Department of National Park Wildlife and Plant ConservationThe 7th Watershed Development OfficeChiang MaiThailand
  4. 4.Department of ConservationAculty of Forestry Kasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  5. 5.Japan Science and Technology Agency/CRESTKawaguchi, SaitamaJapan
  6. 6.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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