Advertisement

Forest Environment of Vietnam: Features of Forest Vegetation and Soils

  • Vu Tan Phuong

Abstract

Accounting for 57% of its entire national area, the forests and forestland of Vietnam cover about 19 million hectares (ha), of which 12.6 million ha is covered by forests (MARD 2005). Because of its diverse climate conditions and complicated topography, Vietnam has a wide range of vegetation and soil types. The forest vegetation includes six major types: (i) evergreen and semideciduous broad-leaved forests, (ii) deciduous forests, (iii) bamboo and palms, (iv) coniferous forests, (v) open broad-leaved forests, and (vi) scrub. Forest soils comprise 14 major soil groups and 31 soil units. The major soil groups include Arenosols, Salic Fluvisols, Thionic Greysols, Acrisols, Ferralsols, and Leptosols. Of those soil groups, Acrisols cover the largest area, followed by Ferralsols and Thionic Fluvisols.

Keywords

Forest Vegetation Open Forest Soil Group Mekong Delta Soil Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Nguyen Ngoc Binh (1996) Forest soils of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Agriculture Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  2. Nguyen Hoang Nghia (2004) Some coniferous tree species in Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Agriculture Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  3. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) (2005) Decision no. 1970/QD/BNN-KL on promulgation of the state of national forest for the year of 2005, MARD, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  4. Tran Ngu Phuong (1970) Initial research results of northern forests (in Vietnamese). Science and Technology Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  5. Rollet B (1953) Note sur les forêts claires du sud de l’Indochine. Boise et Forêts des Tropiques no. 31. Nogent-sur-Marne, FranceGoogle Scholar
  6. Do Dinh Sam, Nguyen Ngoc Binh, Ngo Dinh Que, Vu Tan Phuong (2005a) Overview of mangrove forests in Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Agriculture Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  7. Do Dinh Sam, Ngo Dinh Que, Vu Tan Phuong (2005b) Forestland evaluation systems in Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Science and Technology Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  8. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam (2004) Law on forest protection and development. Article 4: forest classification (in English)Google Scholar
  9. Thai Van Trung (1978) Vegetation cover of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Science and Technology Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  10. Vietnam Soil Association (1996) Vietnam soils (in Vietnamese). Agriculture Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vu Tan Phuong
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Centre for Forest Ecology and Environment (RCFEE) of Forest Science Institute of VietnamHanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations