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Runoff Processes in Southeast Asia: Role of Soil, Regolith, and Rock Type

  • Nick A. Chappell
  • Mark Sherlock
  • Kawi Bidin
  • Ray Macdonald
  • Yani Najman
  • Gemma Davies

Abstract

Runoff processes govern the river hydrograph form, location of return-flow and biogeochemical water quality of tropical forest watersheds. This study reviews the literature on runoff processes from tropical rainforests and applies it to the situation in tropical Southeast Asia. The impact of clay mineralogy on permeability and thence water pathways within the soil, and the role of deep pathways with unconsolidated geological materials (regolith) or permeable rock (solid geology) are emphasised, and a new perceptual model, DELTAmodel, presented. Lastly, the implications of these findings for runoff processes within the Mekong Basin are discussed.

Keywords

Humid Tropic Clay Mineralogy Perceptual Model Runoff Process Mekong River Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nick A. Chappell
    • 1
  • Mark Sherlock
    • 1
  • Kawi Bidin
    • 2
  • Ray Macdonald
    • 1
  • Yani Najman
    • 1
  • Gemma Davies
    • 1
  1. 1.Lancaster Environment CentreLancaster UniversityLancasterUK
  2. 2.School of Science and TechnologyUniversity Malaysia SabahKota KinabaluMalaysia

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