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Sika Deer pp 561-570 | Cite as

The Present Status of the Re-introduced Sika Deer in Kenting National Park, Southern Taiwan

  • Kurtis Jai-Chyi Pei

The captive breeding program for the Formosan sika deer (Cervus nippon taiouanus) was initiated in 1986 with a founder group of 22 deer in the Cheting Sika Deer Sanctuary in Kenting National Park. Their productivity was estimated to be 0.73/adult female/year according to three total counts between 1990 and 1996 in different sub-regions within the sanctuary. A total of 50 individuals was released into the adjacent area of the sanctuary in 1994, 1995, and 1997, after the captive population was believed to number more then 100 deer. In the year 2000 a mark-resighting estimation using camera traps suggested density within the 2–3 km2 distribution area was 27.6/km2, for a total of 55.3 to 82.9 deer in the free-living population, which was lower then expected. The free-living sika deer used more secondary forest than natural broad-leaved forest, probably due to domestic goat use of the latter. The poor food quality provided by the secondary forest and predation by local domestic dogs were most likely responsible for the low recruitment rate. Accordingly, a strict policy toward goat herding and dog control inside of the national park was adopted. By 2003 the total area occupied by the free-living population was more than 20 km2, although most deer were still concentrated in the area surrounding the sanctuary. An additional 128 deer from the sanctuary were released into four scattered locations in the park between 2000 and 2003. The total population, including those inside of the sanctuary, in the Kenting National Park is likely still less than 500 deer. A more active management plan is required.

Keywords

Secondary Forest Sika Deer Deer Population Camera Trap Captive Breeding Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurtis Jai-Chyi Pei
    • 1
  1. 1.Professor of Wildlife Ecology and Management, Institute of WildlifeConservationNational Pingtung University of Science and TechnologyNeipuTaiwan

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