Sika deer have suffered greatly on the Asian mainland from the close association of their primary habitat to prime agricultural lands and from loss through direct killing and alteration of habitats by humans. Sika deer populations are extinct in the wild in Vietnam and South Korea. North Korea still has wild populations of sika deer in the northern part of the country along the Chinese and Russian borders. There are several thousand in captivity in Vietnam, but no native stocks are present in South Korea. Small numbers cross over the borders between North Korea and Far East Russia, and northeastern China. The northern and central populations in China and North Korea are genetically similar and related to the southern clade in Japan. Human population pressures continue to impact the remnants of sika deer in the wild, and loss of genetic diversity is likely given the fragmentation of the remaining deer into isolated, small subpopulations.
KeywordsKorean Peninsula Sika Deer Collective Farm Asian Mainland Russian Border
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea. 1998. A survey of tigers and prey resources in the Paektusan area, Lyangan Province, North Korea, in winter, 1998. Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography, in association with the Russian Academy of Science Far East Branch, Institute of GeographyGoogle Scholar
- Huynh, D. H., T. V. Duc, and H. M. Khien. 1990. The status of endangered species of deer in Vietnam. National Centre for Scientific Research, Hanoi, Vietnam. (In Vietnamese.)Google Scholar
- Huynh, D. H., D. N. Can, T. V. Duc, and P. T. Trong. 1992. Raising sika deer in Vietnam. Nghe An Publishing House, Vinh, Vietnam. (In Vietnamese.)Google Scholar
- Huynh, D. H., D. V. Tien, C. V. Sung, P. Trong, and H. M. Khien. 1994. Checklist of mammals in Vietnam. Science and Technics Publishing House, Hanoi, Vietnam. (In Vietnamese.)Google Scholar
- Whitehead, G. K. 1972. Deer of the world. Viking Press, New York, New York, USAGoogle Scholar
- Wilson, R. L. 2000. An investigation into the phylogeography of sika deer (Cervus nippon) using microsatellite markers. M. S. Thesis, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United KingdomGoogle Scholar