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Sika Deer pp 385-404 | Cite as

Sika Deer in an Evergreen Broad-Leaved Forest Zone on the Boso Peninsula, Japan

  • Masahiko Asada
  • Keiji Ochiai

Meteorological variation throughout the year causes seasonal variations (seasonality) in the availability of food resources for herbivores. This seasonality creates latitudinal and altitudinal variations not only in food habits, but also in body size (Lindstedt and Boyce 1985; Geist 1986) and reproduction (reviewed by Bronson 1989) of the herbivores within a reaction norm (Stearns and Koella 1986). As sika deer have a broad latitudinal distribution (15–45° N; Ohtaishi 1986; Whitehead 1993), by comparative studies of nutritional ecology of sika deer in each habitat they occupy we can examine how they react to seasonality as evolved through adaptive radiation from warmer habitats near the equator to colder northern habitats. We present results on deer on the Boso Peninsula in central Japan to show the influence of seasonality on their nutritional ecology.

Keywords

Food Habit Sika Deer Fallow Deer Deer Density Acorn Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masahiko Asada
    • 1
  • Keiji Ochiai
    • 2
  1. 1.Senior researcher, Natural History Museum and InstituteChuo-kuJapan
  2. 2.Senior researcher, Natural History Museum and Institute, ChibaChuo-kuJapa

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