The sika deer (Cervus nippon) is an important member of the native fauna in eastern Asia, and it has been widely introduced into many other parts of the world. It has an interesting paleogeographic history, having reached the Japanese Islands and Taiwan during low sea level periods. It has a long history of close association with humans, both positive and negative, given that its preferred habitat is also prime agricultural and developmental land for humans. In this respect, sika deer are similar to secondary-successional deer species in North America and Europe. However, sika deer have the ability to cause damage to crops and forests, as well as to their own habitats, that far exceed those of comparable deer in other parts of the world. In different parts of their range sika deer are over-abundant, or extinct in the wild. They are commonly raised in captivity for their antlers. Consequently, they present an unusually wide array of evolutionary, ecological, and management issues.
KeywordsSichuan Basin Mature Forest Sika Deer Disturbed Area Japanese Island
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Goodman, S. J., H. B. Tamate, R. Wilson, J. Nagata, S. Tatsuzawa, G. M. Swanson, J. M. Pemberton, and D. R. McCullough. 2001. Bottlenecks, drift and differentiation: The population structure and demographic history of sika deer (Cervus nippon) in the Japanese archipelago. Molecular Ecology 10:1357–1370PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Knight, J. 2003. Waiting for wolves in Japan: An anthropological study of people-wildlife relations. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United KingdomGoogle Scholar
- McCullough, D. R. 1996. Metapopulations and wildlife conservation. Island Press, Covelo, California, USAGoogle Scholar
- McCullough, D. R. 1997. Irruptive behavior in ungulates. Pages 69–98 in W. J. McShea, H. B. Underwood, and J. H. Rappole, Authors, The science of overabundance: Deer ecology and population management. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA and London, United KingdomGoogle Scholar
- Takatsuki, S. 1991. Food habits of sika deer in Japan with reference to dwarf bamboo in Northern Japan. Pages 200–204 in N. Maruyama, Author, Wildlife conservation: Present trends and perspectives for the 21st century. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Wildlife Conservation in Tsukuba and Yokohama, Japan, August 21–25, 1990. Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
- Walker, B. 2005. The lost wolves of Japan. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington, USAGoogle Scholar