Hearing and Auditory-Visual Intermodal Recognition in the Chimpanzee

  • Kazuhide Hashiya
  • Shozo Kojima


In contrast to the large body of studies on chimpanzee vision, few studies have examined the function of other sensory modalities in chimpanzees. In 1929, Yerkes and Yerkes noted a lack of studies on chimpanzee perception “except for the sense of sight”. The situation has remained largely unchanged for 70 years, though there are a few exceptions. Vocal-auditory functions are still the least understood behavioral pattern of chimpanzees (Mitani 1994; Nishida 1994; Tomosello and Call 1996) despite many researchers having pointed out that vocal-auditory channels play particularly important roles in behavior. Observations under completely natural conditions are not always practicable (though desirable) to evaluate the cognitive abilities of chimpanzees because of the difficulty in excluding extraneous factors. Behavioral experimentation is also needed in this sense, but there are only a limited number of studies at this point. This is probably because of the fact that training nonhuman primates in auditory-related tasks is very difficult, compared to the corresponding visual tasks.


Reaction Time Task Sample Stimulus Voice Onset Time Speaker Identification Stop Consonant 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuhide Hashiya
    • 1
  • Shozo Kojima
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Cognitive Psychology, Graduate School of EducationKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityInuyama, AichiJapan

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