Tool Use by Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) of the Arnhem Zoo Community

  • Hideko Takeshita
  • Jan A. R. A. M. van Hooff


Tool use has been reported for a number of nonhuman primates. However, chimpanzees are the only consistent and habitual tool users and tool makers (McGrew 1992). Certain objects easily obtained in their natural habitats are used, and some tools are even manufactured (Beck 1980; Boesch and Boesch 1990; Goodall 1986; McGrew 1992; Nishida 1973; Sugiyama and Roman 1979; Wrangham et al. 1994). Moreover, the use of tool composites or “meta-tools” has been reported (Brewer and McGrew 1990; Matsuzawa 1994, 1996; Suzuki et al. 1995).


Wild Chimpanzee Captive Chimpanzee Shiga Prefecture Gorilla Gorilla Gorilla Young Chimpanzee 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideko Takeshita
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jan A. R. A. M. van Hooff
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Human CulturesThe University of Shiga PrefectureShigaJapan
  2. 2.Ethology and Socio-Ecology GroupUtrecht University, Centrumgebouw NoordUtrechtThe Netherlands

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