Mother-Offspring Relationship in Macaques

  • Masayuki Nakamichi


In the 1950s, research on free-ranging Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) started in several places, and included the provisioning and identification of monkeys. Researchers succeeded in describing the social structure and dominance rank system (Kawamura 1958; Kawai 1958), and the transmission of precultural behavior (Itani 1958; Kawamura 1959; Kawai 1965). However, systematic behavioral studies on mother-infant relationships or infant development were not conducted in free-ranging situations until the first half of the 1960s.


Japanese Macaque Japanese Monkey Vervet Monkey Adult Daughter Primiparous Mother 


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© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masayuki Nakamichi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Ethological Studies, Faculty of Human SciencesOsaka UniversityOsaka Japan

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