Women and the Environment: Women farmers’ utilization of environmental resources and sustainability practices in rural South Western Nigeria

  • Funmi Soetan
Part of the Frauen · Gesellschaft · Kritik book series (FGK)


Increasing global attention has been focussed on the environment by governments, development agencies, researchers and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The environment has been defined as „… all natural factors which include the interaction of the earth’s constituents which in one way affect the livelihood of people“. Environmental management has been denoted as „… the rational use of environmental resources which promotes their continuous existence in a form usable for the livelihood of people“ (Dube 1992). Environmental management was viewed as the sustainable utilisation and conservation of environmental resources for the continuous improvement of living standards of people.


Indigenous Knowledge Environmental Resource Rural Woman Sustainability Practice Exhaustible Resource 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Akpan P. A. (1992): Impact of Modernization on Traditional Land use Pattern in IBIBIO of Eastern Nigeria. In: Terra: A Journal of Environmental Concern. 1 (1).Google Scholar
  2. Atteh, D.O. (1989): Indigenous Local Knowledge As a Key to Local-Level Development: Possibilities, constraints and planning issues in the context of Africa. Paper presented at the Seminar on Revising Local Self Reliance: Challenges for Rural/Regional Development in Eastern and Southern Africa, Arusha, Tanzania.Google Scholar
  3. Barbier E.B. (undated): New Approaches in Environmental Resource Economics: Towards an Economics of Sustainable Development. The international Institute for Environment and Development, London.Google Scholar
  4. Boserup, E. (1965): The Conditions of Economic Growth: The Economics for Agricultural Change under Population Pressure. Aldine Publishing Company, Chicago.Google Scholar
  5. Broad R. (1994): The Poor and the Environment: Friends or Foes? In: World Development 22, (6:): 811–822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burk, P. (1987): Healing the Earth — From Theory to Practice: A model of environmental conservation programme for soil erosion control through tree planting campaign. In: Sagna: V.O. et. al. (eds.) (op. cit).Google Scholar
  7. Chukweze H.O. (1992): The Search for Effective Control of Soil Erosion in Anambra State, Nigeria. In: TERRA: A Journal of Environmental Concern 1 (1).Google Scholar
  8. Clones, J.P. (1992): The Links between Gender Issues and the Fragile Environments’ of Sub-Saharan Africa. Working Paper No. 5, World Bank.Google Scholar
  9. Commonwealth Expert Group (1989): Engendering Adjustment for the 1990s. London, Commonwealth Secretariat.Google Scholar
  10. Dasgupta, P.S. and Heal, G. (1974): The optimal depletion of exhaustible resources. Review of Economic Studies, Symposium on the Economics of Exhaustible Resources: 3–28.Google Scholar
  11. Deen, Mariama A. (1992): Women and Environmental Management in Sierra Leone Conference Proceedings on Population and Environment in Africa, Gaborone, Botswana, 14–19 September 1992, UAPS.Google Scholar
  12. Dube, P. (1992): Women and Environmental Management in Botswana. In: Published Proceedings.Google Scholar
  13. Fisher, A.C./Peterson, F.M. (1977): The exploitation of extractive resources, a survey. The Economic Journal, 87: 681–721.Google Scholar
  14. Freeman, A.M. (1979): The Benefits of Environmental Improvement. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Goodland, R./Ledec, G. (1986): Neoclassical Economics and Principles of Sustainable Development. Office of Environmental and Scientific Affairs, The world Bank, Washington DC, July.Google Scholar
  16. Hotelling, H. (1931): The economics of exhaustible resources. In: Journal of Political Economy 39: 137–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Leonard H.J. (1989): Overview: Environment and the Poor: Development Strategies for a common Agenda. In: Leonard, H.J. (ed.) (op. cit.).Google Scholar
  18. Nigerian Environmental Study Team (NEST) (1991): Nigeria’s Threatened Environment A National Profile, Nigeria, Intec Printers Ltd.Google Scholar
  19. Okojie, Christiana, E. E.: Environmental Hazards and the Health Status of Women and Children in a Riverine Community in Nigeria: Nikrowa in Edo State. In: Conference Proceedings on Population and Environment in Africa (op. cit).Google Scholar
  20. Olaniyan, G.O. (1987): Soil Erosion on Agricultural Fields: A Case for Reduced Cultivation Technique in Sagma. V.O. et al. (eds.) (op. cit).Google Scholar
  21. Oppong, C.: Population, Environment and Women: Some Issues in Africa. In: Conference Proceedings on Population and Environment in Africa (op, cit).Google Scholar
  22. Rodda, A. (1994): Women and the Environment U.K. and U.S.A. Zed Books Ltd.Google Scholar
  23. Titilola, T. (1990): The Economics of Incorporating Indigenous Knowledge Systems into Agricultural Development: A Model and Analytical Framework. Technology and Social Change Programme, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.Google Scholar
  24. United Nations Population Fund (1991): Population, Resources and the Environment: The Critical Challenge.Google Scholar
  25. Warren, D.M./Cashman, K. (1988): Indigenous Knowledge for Agricultural and Rural Development: Some Practical Applications. Paper presented at the Conference on Indigenous Knowledge Systems, AED, Washington D.C., U.S.A.Google Scholar
  26. Warren Sarah T. (ed.) (1992): Gender and Environment: Lessons from Social Forestry and Natural Resource Management Canada. Aga Khan Foundation.Google Scholar
  27. Whitehead, A. (1991): Rural Women and Food Production in Sub-Saharan Africa in J. Dreze and Amatya Son (eds.). In: The Political Economy of Hunger. Clarendon Press, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Whitney, J.B.R. (1987): Impact of Fuelwood use on Environmental Degradation in the Sudan In: Little Peter D./Micheal, M. Horowitz /A. Sudre Nigerges (eds): Lands at Risk in the Third World: Local Level Perspectives. London Westview Press.Google Scholar
  29. Wignaraja, P. (1990): Women, Poverty and Resources. Sage Publications, London.Google Scholar
  30. World Bank (1990): Towards the Development of an Environmental Action Plan for Nigerian. West African Department, World Bank.Google Scholar
  31. World Commission on Environment and Development (W.C.E.D.) (1987): Our Common Future. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Yngstom Ingrid/Patricia Jeffery/Kenneth King/Canilla Toulmin (eds.) (1994): Gender and Environment in Africa: Perspective on the Politics of Environmental Sustainability. UK: Centre for African Studies, University of Edinburgh.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Centaurus Verlag & Media UG 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Funmi Soetan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsObafemi Awolowo University Ile-IfeNigeria

Personalised recommendations