Before testing the structural equation model, the measurement models must first be evaluated. This two-step approach, recommended by Schumacker/Lomax,474 can be described as follows: when assessing the measurement model, the focus is on the relationships between the latent variables and their indicators (the manifest variables, or items).475 The objective of this first step is to assess the reliability and validity of the measures.
KeywordsStructural Equation Model Measurement Model Exploratory Factor Analysis Discriminant Validity Measurement Instrument
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