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Abstract

The contingency theory of organizations is a subset of the contingency approach in social and natural sciences. At an abstract level, the contingency approach describes a relationship between two phenomena. As its name indicates, the contingency approach holds that the effect of one phenomenon A on another phenomenon B depends on some third aspect C. Typically A represents an input that can be influenced while B is an outcome. C moderates the relationship between A and B, without necessarily being correlated with either of them (Howell et al., 1986: 89). When the value of C is low, the value of B in response to a certain value of A differs from B’s value when C is high for the same value of A. The relationship between A and B might even reverse with a change in the value of C. As shown in Figure 3, an increase in the value of A might have a positive effect on the value of B with a high C. When C is low, an increase in A might have a negative effect on B.

Keywords

Organizational Structure Organic Theory Contingency Factor Organizational Size Organizational Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2006

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