Post-normal science


The idea of post-normal science (PNS) as a way of managing uncertainties in science and politics was proposed by Funtowicz & Ravetz in the 1990s. Having defined PNS around the core-idea of lay-involvement, this chapter reconstructs two types of arguments in its favor: epistemic arguments on the one side and normative arguments on the other one. These arguments are primarily inspired by Beck, Feyerabend and Funtowicz & Ravetz themselves. Finally, this chapter suggests a slight modification of PNS in order to circumvent a potential problem.


Background Knowledge Tacit Knowledge Normal Science Western Science Scientific Assessment 
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© Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2006

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