Empirical results: Interrelations between volunteering and labour market inclusion or exclusion


The following empirical chapter is divided into two parts: The first, descriptive part aims at assessing the representativeness of the sample and at getting preliminary ideas on the relationship between unemployment and volunteering. The second part presents the results from the multivariate analysis which aims at testing the hypotheses developed in the earlier chapters.


Sport Club German Woman Regional Unemployment Rate Voluntary Engagement Labour Market Segment 
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  1. 195.
    The Chi-square which is used to test the independence of the variables in the following subchapter is a Pearson chi-square which is corrected for the survey design using the second-order correction of Rao and Scott (1984) and converted into an F-statistic (STATA help).Google Scholar
  2. 200.
    This finding contradicts earlier research which showed that the most deprived areas are characterised by low volunteering rates (Attwood, et al. 2003: 95). In the following model assessing the influence of volunteering for the re-employment chances of the unemployed (tables 17 and 18), regional unemployment has the expected negative effect on re-employment chances.Google Scholar
  3. 203.
    This finding is surprising in the light of earlier findings that British women are less affected by unemployment than British men (Kaiser and Siedler 2000; Nickell 1999) and that young unemployed people of both genders are more likely to find new employment than their older counterparts (Begum 2004).Google Scholar

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© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2008

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