The scale measures the dependence of subsidiaries on another for product and production development. The CEO of each subsidiary estimated the dependence.


Production Development Exploratory Factor Analysis Hard Metal Individual Indicator International Division 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Andersson, U./ Forsgren, M./ Pedersen, T. (2001): Subsidiary Performance in Multinational Corporations: The Importance of Technology Embeddedness, in: International Business Review, Vol. 10, pp. 3–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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