The scale measures the degree of collaboration measured by asking respondents to evaluate the degree to which their departments and other departments achieved collective goals, had mutual understanding, informally worked together, shared the same vision for the company, and shared ideas, information, and/or resources.


Exploratory Factor Analysis Product Innovation Innovation Management Survey Participant Mutual Understanding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Kahn, K. B./ McDonough III, E. F.(1997): An Empirical Study of the Relationships among Co-Location, Integration, Performance, and Satisfaction, in: Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 14, pp. 161–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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