The intensive investigation in literature and practice shows that the concept and the application of VOs has been modified overtime. Although the reason for establishing cooperation is still the intention to form a best-of-everything network and to create business, the composition is different. Today, VOs are based on long-term relationships between mostly SME partners (see examples of analysis: Swiss Microtech Network74, IMPRO75, KFSNet76).
KeywordsFramework Development Small Enterprise Cooperative Network Cooperation Partner Life Cycle Model
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