Organizations as Social Systems


Rational, natural, and open systems approaches to organizations serve the classification of organization theories well. They summarize the concepts, highlight the strengths, and value the contributions of each one of their individual theories. At the same time, they reveal the deficiencies, the shortcomings, and the weaknesses. The previous chapter therefore suggests considering alternative approaches to organizational knowledge, learning, and memory.


Social System Social System Theory Organizational Learning Fundamental Concept Cognitive Structure 


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© Gabler | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2008

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