Integrated operational transportation planning in theory
The preliminaries for the theory of the integrated operational transportation planning problem were established in the late 1980s (for this and in following compare ).  discusses a generalized traveling salesman problem, where nodes are visited either once or not, and a penalty cost is incurred for each unvisited node. The resulting approach includes the longest-path problem and the shortest-path problem with specified nodes to be visited.
KeywordsPenalty Cost Price Problem Transportation Planning Vehicle Rout Problem With Time Window Tour Length
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