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The mechanisms of infrastructure enforcement

  • Bernd Holznagel
  • Arnold Picot
  • Sebastian Deckers
  • Nico Grove
  • Marc Schramm

Abstract

Public infrastructure delivery has included streets, water, sewerage, energy and telecommunications. In many countries (e.g., the US and in Europe), telecommunication has been a state monopoly for a very long time. Communication and postal services were controlled by government authority and often operated by the state. After the US (1982), the UK (1984) and Japan (1985), the liberalization process in Europe began to transform the telecommunications state monopoly into a competition-based market environment. The state-owned telecommunication operators were detached from the government and took on a life on their own in liberalized markets with the goal of free, market-based competition. Europe’s state-controlled regulation and regulatory policies seek to establish a self-sustainable and competition-based market, and efficient resource allocation in order to maximize the consumer benefits to consumers. This is the case in general and within telecommunications. Economically, broadband can be considered from two perspectives: The perspective of public good (where a specific level of area-wide broadband access is guaranteed to each citizen by the state) and the competition-based perspective (of network effects and market externalities).

Keywords

Public Engagement Infrastructure Provision Efficient Resource Allocation Universal Service Obligation Universal Service Fund 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Gabler Verlag | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernd Holznagel
  • Arnold Picot
  • Sebastian Deckers
  • Nico Grove
  • Marc Schramm

There are no affiliations available

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