Although a great number of scholars and managers have had an interest in managerial work, only a small number of researchers have taken a closer look at work practices, empirically exploring what the manager really does. However, this relatively small number of researchers have succeeded in compiling a research body that focuses on the nature of managerial work: the Work Activity School. The chapter gives an overview about this research school from its early days in the mid-20th century to the present time. In so doing, the chapter presents the motivation of these scholars, reports on the designs and samples of previous studies, and identifies the most useful findings from the literature that have helped increase the understanding of the nature of executive work. Finally, the literature review points out the motivation of the groundbreaking researchers of the Work Activity School and their fundamental contributions.
KeywordsManagerial Activity Managerial Work Managerial Behavior Middle Management Managerial Role
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