Ever since the introduction of social insurance legislation beginning in the last decades of the 19th century, social scientists have been interested in analyzing the causal forces behind the development of the modern welfare state. Precisely, for most of the period the academic debate has hereby mainly centered on the following questions: Why was the welfare state founded in the first place? And which factors have contributed to its rapid expansion in the aftermath of World War Two (WWII)?
KeywordsWelfare State Panel Unit Root Test Causal Force Capitalist Welfare Modern Welfare State
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