The European trademark system refers to the unitary trademark right which exists for the entire territory comprising the member states of the European Union (EU) (European Council, 1993, Art. 1).5 The pan-EU trademark right is named ‘Community Trade Mark’ (CTM). It has existed since 1996, coexisting with the national trademark regimes of the member states of the EU. Since very few studies in economics and the business literature have dealt with CTMs and the European trademark system (Mendonça et al., 2004), the aim of this chapter is to describe the CTM system and to provide some descriptive statistics to corroborate the role of CTMs in the course of trade.
KeywordsEuropean Union European Council Registered Trademark Portfolio Size European Patent Convention
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