The final data set including 211 cases of subordinates and supervisors was first checked for plausibility of maximum and minimum values to detect errors that may have occurred during data entry. No irregularities were detected. A missing value analysis was then carried out. An important concern according to Tabachnick and Fidell (2007) is whether there are systematic differences between cases with missing data and cases without missing data. With respect to this data set, the most important concern was whether those subordinates who had participated without their superiors differed systematically from those that had participated with their supervisor. Therefore, analyses of variance were carried out for each variable that subordinates had responded to using participation with or without superior as an independent variable.


Pearson Correlation Scatter Plot Communication Channel Procedural Justice Global Evaluation 
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© Gabler | GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maida Petersitzke

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