Multinational enterprises have become increasingly important, especially between developed countries like the EU member states. Their presence is explained by the intensity of headquarter services, such as research and development, incomplete contracts and hold-up problems associated with market transactions, intra-industry heterogeneity and cross-country differences in factor endowments.


Multinational Enterprise Formula Apportionment Consolidate Group Headquarter Service Residence Principle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Gabler | GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carsten Wendt

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